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Constitutional Law

 

Home Up Reforms Since 1947

 

                            17th Amendments to the 78 constitution

Constitutional reforms since independence 

First Amendment to the Constitution

Amendment to Article 140 – to make provisions that Jurisdiction conferred on the Court of Appeal shall be exercised by the Supreme Court and not by the Court of Appeal.

 20.11.1978

 Second Amendment to the Constitution

Amendment of section 161 – regarding resignation and expulsion of Members of the First Parliament.

26.02.1979

Third Amendment to the Constitution

Amendments of Articles 31, 38 and 160 – to make provision for the President to seek a fresh mandate to continue in office for a second term at any time after the completion of 4 years of the term of the term of office; to reduce the period of one month to two weeks to minimise the delay in the transition to a new administration; the period in which the first President can hold office.

27.08.1982

Fourth Amendment to the Constitution

Amendment of Article 161 - to make provision for the first Parliament to continue until August 04, 1989.

23.12.1982

Fifth Amendment to the Constitution

Amendment of Article 161 - Re vacancies in the first Parliament; By-Election to be held if the Secretary of the Political Party failed to nominate a Member.

25.22.1983

Sixth Amendment to the Constitution

Amendment of Articles 101 and 161 – Addition of Seventh Schedule;

Insertion of Article 157A – prohibition against violation of territorial integrity of Sri Lanka.

08.08.1983

Seventh Amendment to the Constitution

Amendment of Articles 5, 96 and First Schedule – Creation of Kilinochchi Administrative District (25th);

Insertion of Article 111A – Appointment of the Commissioners of the High Court.

04.10.1983

Eighth Amendment to the Constitution

Amendment of Articles 33 and 136 – To vest in the President the power of appointment of Senior Attorneys-at-Law as President’s Counsel;

Insertion of Article 169A; Provisions relating to Queen’s Counsel and Senior Attorneys-at-Law.

06.03.1984

Ninth Amendment to the Constitution

Amendment of Article 91 – To adjust the salary scale matters in regard to political rights of public servants.

24.01.1984

Tenth Amendment to the Constitution

Amendment of Section 155 - To repeal paragraphs (8) and (9) – To remove the requirement of a two-third majority for a Proclamation on the Public Security Ordinance.

06.08.1986

Eleventh Amendment to the Constitution

Amendment of Articles 111, 112, 114, 146 and Fifth Schedule;

Insertion of Article 113A – To enable Parliament to vest in the High Court any jurisdiction and powers in addition to its present criminal jurisdiction;

To empower Judicial Services Commission to make rules in respect of scheduled public officers as well;

To make provision for the purpose of

(a) having a single post designated ‘Fiscal’; and

(b) empowering the Fiscal to exercise supervision and control over the Deputy Fiscals attached to all Courts of First Instance, who will hereafter carry out the functions in the respective Courts on his behalf;

To restrict the power of delegation to its Secretary to transfers in respect of scheduled public officers only;

To reduce the number of judges who shall constitute each Bench, so that it will be possible to constitute more Benches to enable the more expeditious disposal of cases.

06.05.1987

 

Twelfth Amendment to the Constitution

            (Not enacted)

Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution

To make provisions for the establishment of a Provincial Council for each Province; for the establishment of a High Court for each Province; and to make Tamil an official language and English the link language.

 14.11.1987

Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution

Amendments of Articles 35, 62, 80, 98, 130;

Insertion of Articles 96A, 99A;

Replacement of Article 99 – To remove the inability imposed by the immunity of the President in regard to hearing of election petitions;

To increase the membership of the Parliament from 196 to 225, where the additional 29 Members will be elected in proportion to the national total of district votes received by each party;

To provide for a time period within which a Referendum Petition can be filed;

To provide for a Delimitation Commission to re-carve Electoral Districts into Zones;

To retain the 12 ˝ percent cut-off point in electoral district and bonus seats;

To provide for proportional representation.

 24.05.1988

 Fifteenth Amendment to the Constitution

Repeal of Article 96A;

Amendment of Articles 98, 99 and 99A –

to reduce the cut-off point acceptable in proportional representation system from 12 ˝ percent to 5 percent;

to eliminate zoning and re-introduction of the Electoral District.

17.12.1988

Sixteenth Amendment to the Constitution

Amendment of Articles 20 and 24 – to include “Members of Provincial Councils” and the “Provincial Councils” in Article 20;

To make Sinhala and Tamil, the languages of Courts;

Replacement of Articles 22 and 23 – to make Sinhala and Tamil, the languages of administration;

Insertion of Article 25A; to make provision that this Chapter to prevail in the event of any inconsistency of provisions of any law.

17.12.1988

Seventeenth Amendment to the Constitution

            03.10.2001